Earthquake and Volcano Hazards Observation and Research Program is one of the national scientiﬁc research programs that are authorized by Council for Science and Technology, Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology. We started this ﬁve-year scientiﬁc program in 2014 in cooperation with national universities and institutes for understanding mechanism of earthquakes and volcanic eruptions. In response to the devastating 2011 Tohoku earthquake of magnitude 9, the program enhances the studies on massive earthquakes and major-scale eruptions that occurred prior to the history of modern observation with the help of historical science and geology and advances the earthquake and volcanic eruption studies to a part of disaster science in collaboration with disaster-related engineering ﬁelds and human and social sciences.
The Coordinating Committee of Earthquake and Volcanic Eruption Prediction Researches (CCEVPR) was established to collaborate on promoting the scientific program. Member of CCEVPR consists of the heads of research institutes of national universities and the representatives of universities and institutes concerning seismology and volcanology in Japan. In 2010, ERI was re-organized as the Joint Usage/Research Center for earthquake and volcano researches, and CCEVPR was required to play a more important role for collaborating closely with nationwide researchers. CCEVPR includes the Planning Committee, Program Promotion Panels and Financial Committee to promote the researches that are carried out in cooperation among universities under the national scientiﬁc program. The Planning Committee also holds symposia to discuss the achievements of the researches.