Title: Seismic Considerations of Non-Structural Elements in Buildings
Due to their large contribution to building costs, and to safety risks linked to their failure, non-structural elements (NSEs) represent a popular topic, both in research and industry. In general, NSEs (mechanical, architectural, electrical) can be sensitive to accelerations, deformations, or both. The main focus of the seminar will be on acceleration-sensitive NSEs, whose response represents a major concern during earthquake actions.
The seismic design and evaluation of acceleration-sensitive NSEs are commonly performed by using floor response (acceleration) spectra (FRS). The FRS concept was introduced in early 1970s for the design of NSEs in the nuclear industry. The concept is based on a separate (uncoupled) analysis of a building structure and an NSE, meaning that their dynamic interaction is neglected. Such an approach is sufficiently accurate in cases of NSEs whose mass is significantly smaller than that of the building structure. FRS are influenced by ground motion, building, and NSE properties, and they can be “accurately” determined by performing a response history analysis (RHA). However, since the RHA is time-consuming, it is only exceptionally used. In everyday design practice an approximate approach is usually applied, and FRS are determined directly from ground motion spectra.
The general applicability of the FRS concept on buildings has been recognized relatively recently. It currently attracts significant attention of researchers and engineers, which is reflected through an exponential growth of FRS-related articles. The most important research results have been continuously implemented in the seismic design standards, whose notable improvement has been observed lately. On the other hand, there are conceptual differences in the design provisions, which often lead to inconsistent results. Such differences are present in the latest European and US seismic design standards (Eurocode 8 and ASCE 7-22, respectively), and are outlined and discussed in the seminar presentation.